What is Technical SEO? 2022 Best strategies of technical SEO
- What is Technical SEO?
- Why do you need Technical SEO?
- How can you improve your Technical SEO?
- Benefits of Technical SEO
Let’s understand What is Technical SEO? Why is it important for your website?
Google and other search engines seek to provide the best results for their consumers’ searches. As a result, Google’s robots explore and assess websites based on a variety of criteria. Some elements, such as how quickly a website loads, are based on the user’s experience.
Other criteria aid search engine robots in determining the content of your pages. Structured data, for example, does this. As a result, strengthening technological components aids search engines in crawling and comprehending your site.
You may be rewarded with better ranks or even richer outcomes if you accomplish this correctly.
What is Technical SEO?
On-page SEO includes technical SEO, which focuses on improving website speed and making it search engine friendly. The practice of ensuring that a website fits the technical standards of modern search engines to increase organic ranks is known as technical SEO. Crawling, indexing, rendering, and website architecture are important aspects of technical SEO.
Why do you need Technical SEO?
It doesn’t matter if you have an amazing UI UX design or well-produced content on your website unless you have worked on Technical SEO.
Search Engines have to crawl through your posts and pages; it has to be rendered and indexed. Without that, your website cannot rank.
But even if your indexing is done, that does not guarantee a good result. It also depends upon many other factors like your site is secure, mobile-friendly, broken links, 404 pages, high image sizes and many more.
How can you improve your Technical SEO?
Nobody likes chaos; all the steps below, from crawling, rendering, indexing, etc., all depend upon the structure of your website. Structure means how you have organised your website.
Do all your pages are easily accessible or visible to the audience. Relatable contents are linked together or not. You may have seen a flow chart with different branches and links. It’s called a flat structure.
Follow the hierarchy pattern while creating your website structure- it should look like Topics, then subtopics, and subtopics of Subptopic.
If your website is small or you post only blogs or news, you don’t have to think much about it because it is independent.
But if you have a product or a service-based website, you need consistent URL tags.
Consistent in that each page should fall under a category or sub-category, making it easier to look for both the viewer and search engines. They get to know where they are and what to look for on your website.
Let’s take an example to understand it more clearly
Suppose there are electronic items
Then you can put the – Electronics as the main category and Products like Home Appliances, Gadgets, and Accessories in the Subcategory then it will look like
If you have a subcategory under Subcategory, then it should look like
It is considered highly effective in Search Engine Optimization. Breadcrumb helps interlink between pages and subpages, making your website structure stronger.
Google also prefers URLs into breadcrumb structure, so you should focus on improving your website ranking.
Crawl, Render and Index
This section will mention the methods that will help you index your web pages on the Google search engine.
First, you have to find the errors and issues on the webpage. Why is it not indexed?
You can get a coverage report for your web pages on the Google search console, So if you haven’t connected your website to the Google Search Console, then do it first.
In the coverage report, Google will let you know which web page is not indexed and why? Then, Identify the issue and fix it.
The second tool you can use for web site crawler is Screaming Frog.
If you have fixed the issue after visiting the coverage report, you can use Screaming frog to run the crawler again. To check whether it has been done or not.
There are few other paid tools in the market like- SEMrush and Ahref
Both of these tools can give you an in-depth report of your website.
If you need someone who can do all that for you with premium tools, you can check SEO India Inc.’s team of SEO experts who can save your time, energy, and money.
Let’s understand one more term in SEO, which is Internal linking. You have learned about the site structure earlier and how few links are connected with the home page, and then there are more pages or posts connected with the other four pages.
That deep pages are more difficult to index, but it does not cause a big issue if you have a good flat site structure where all links are connected with the homepage simply.
The homepage is easy to index, and people on your site can reach out to those deep pages from the Homepage.
XML Site mapping
An XML sitemap is a file that identifies all relevant pages on a website, ensuring that Google can find and crawl them all. It also aids search engines in comprehending the structure of your website.
You want Google to crawl all of your website’s important pages. However, sometimes pages are created without any internal links, making them difficult to locate. A sitemap can help you find stuff faster.
You can check if Google is checking your website or not on the Google Search Console with the help of the sitemap feature.
Google Search Console has this amazing GSC Inspect feature, which allows you to see which URL is not indexed and shows you the indexed one on Google.
It helps you compare, and you will know what changes you have to make.
The same material can appear on any website, especially if your CMS creates numerous URLs for the same page.
It’s the same scenario with thin content: most websites don’t have a problem. However, it may harm your site’s overall rankings. So it’s worth looking for and repairing.
Different tools are available that help you identify duplicate content on your website.
This tool is a plagiarism checker that shows you which part of your content matches different websites.
The same material occurs when other individuals copy your content and post it on their website. It’s not yours. You only need to be concerned about information on your site that has been duplicated from other websites.
This tool scans your site and identifies which pages have duplicate content and update required.
The “Content Quality” part of the Semrush site audit tool will inform you whether your site has duplicate content across many pages.
Apart from that, your website can have the same content on different pages of your site; it is an issue if both pages have been indexed on Google.
To avoid this, you just have to remove those duplicate pages from the index and then everything will be fine. You have to use the “no index” tag on the pages with duplicate content.
And to check again if it is in non-index, run that URL on the google search console.
The no index tag should be introduced to most sites with duplicate content. Or has unique material taken the role of redundant content?
Canonical URLs are ideal for pages with similar content but minimal variances.
If you have an eCommerce site or any service site, you may have the main categories of each product, but there are more identical products with different features available on the site, and each one has its URL.
In this case, you will have to set the canonical tag with your main page to make google understand other variations of products are just a part of the main page.
No one has enough time to wait on your website. In technical SEO, improving your page speed is one of the most important tasks.
Here are a few tips that will help you to increase your page reload speed
Reduce webpage Size
You may have been using heavy CSS code, high-resolution images, caches etc., which causes page speed to slow, but webpage size also affects the website’s speed.
Reducing the size of the files on your site will not work if you have a huge page.
You can check the speed of your site on Page Speed Insights.
Remove third-party scripts
Third-party scripts enrich your website with a variety of valuable features, making it more interactive, dynamic, and interconnected. Analytics, advertisements, social network sharing buttons, and video embeds are all made possible by third-party scripts. Some of these features may be necessary for the functioning or monetization of your website.
Third-party scripts, on the other hand, are one of the most common reasons for website performance issues. During page loading, they’re frequently the most expensive resource. A couple of these scripts may potentially be dangerous to your security and privacy.
A page’s load time is increased by 34ms for every third-party script it contains. However, it’s never a bad idea to check over your site’s scripts and see if there is anything that you can do to remove them.
Benefits of Technical SEO
It Improves Speed
Online sites must now load rapidly. People detest waiting for a webpage to load because they are impatient. According to 2016 research, 53% of mobile internet users will quit a website if it takes longer than three seconds to load. If your website is slow, visitors will grow frustrated and leave, and you will lose all of that traffic.
It helps Search Engines easy to Crawl
Robots are used by search engines to crawl or spider your website. Robots use links to find material on your website. They’ll know what the most significant information on your site is if you have a good internal linking structure.
The robots.txt file may be used to lead robots around your website. It’s a strong instrument that should be used with caution. As we indicated at the outset, a minor error might prohibit robots from crawling (critical areas of) your site. In the robot.txt file, individuals can mistakenly restrict their site’s CSS and JS files. These files include the code that instructs browsers how and what your site should look like. Search engines won’t be able to tell if your site is working correctly if such files are restricted.
The robots meta tag
It is a bit of code that you as a visitor will not see. It may be found in the head section of a page’s source code. When searching for a page, robots read this part. It will tell them what they may expect to discover on the page and what they should do with it.
It eliminates dead links
Slow websites are inconvenient, as we’ve previously established. Visitors may be more annoyed by landing on a page that does not exist than by a slow website. If someone clicks on a link that leads to a non-existent page on your site, they will be sent to a 404 error page. That concludes your well-prepared user experience.
Well Organised and structured data
Search engines use structured data to better comprehend your website, content, and even your organisation. Structured data may tell search engines what kind of products you sell or which recipes you have on your site. It will also enable you to provide extensive information about the goods or recipes.